Cover Image

Resilience in adolescents suffering from non-communicable diseases: a cross-sectional study

Luiza de Lima Beretta, Mauro Leonardo Salvador Caldeira dos Santos, Patricia dos Santos Claro Fuly, Betânia Marta Domingues Quintanilha, Lina Márcia Miguéis Berardinelii, José Henrique Withers Aquino

Abstract


Aims: identify the conditions under which hospitalized adolescents suffering from chronic non-communicable diseases are resilient and; identify the major protective factors which provide resilience to disease in adolescents. Method: this is an exploratory, cross-sectional study, in which a quantitative approach was employed. Scenario/Institution: Pedro Ernesto University Hospital. Target subjects: Adolescents, aged 10 to 19 years, hospitalized, suffering from chronic illnesses. The WHOQOL–Bref test was used as a data collection tool; SAS 9.1.3 statistical software was used for data analysis. Results: factors within the psychological domain and 'overall' were more significant. Furthermore, the most frequently identified protective factors were ones based on individuals themselves, as well as factors related to support and the patient’s environment. Conclusion: life experiences and the ways in which teenagers see the world strongly influences the way they face adversity. Thus, it is essential for healthcare professionals, to be sensitive to and prepared for.


Keywords


Resilience; adolescent; cronic disease

References


Sória DAC, Souza IEO, Moreira MC, Santoro DC, Menezes MFB. A resiliência como objeto de investigação na enfermagem e em outras áreas: uma revisão. Esc. Anna Nery. 2006 Dec; 10(3): 547-51.

Yunes MAM. Psicologia positiva e resiliência: o foco no indivíduo e na família. Psicol est. 2003; 8(spe): 75-84.

Zimmerman MA, Arunkumar R. Resiliency research: implications for schools and policy. Social Policy Report. 1994; 8(4): 1-18.

Assis SG, Avanci JQ, Pesce RP, Deslandes SF. Superação de dificuldades na infância e adolescência: conversando com profissionais de saúde sobre resiliência e promoção da saúde. Rio de Janeiro: Fiocruz; 2006.

Rutter M. Stress, coping and development: Some issues and some questions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1987; 22(4): 323-56.

Gestsdottir S, Lerner RM. Positive development in adolescence: The development and role of intentional self regulation. Hum dev. 2008; (51): 202-224.

Câmara SG, Carlotto MS. Coping e gênero em adolescentes. Psicol estud. 2007; 12(1): 87-93.

Torres CA, Barbosa SM, Barroso MGT, Pinheiro PNC. Investigating the vulnerability and the risks of adolescents in the midst of STD/ HIV/ Aids in their several contexts – a exploratory study. Online braz j nurs [Internet]. 2008 February [Cited 2013 Dec 12] 7(1).Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/1138.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5935%2F1676-4285.20081138

Schmidt MI, Duncan BB, Silva GA, Menezes AM, Monteiro CA, Barreto SM,et al. Chronic non communicable diseases in Brazil: burden and current challenges. Lancet. 2011; 377(9781): 1949-61.

Ricciardelli L, McCabe MP. Body Image development in adolescent boys. In Cash TF, Smolak L. Body Image: a handbook of science, practice and prevention. New York: Guilford Press; 2011.p. 85-92.

Marques FA, Legal EJ, Höfelmann DA. Insatisfação corporal e transtornos mentais comuns em adolescentes. Rev paul pediatr. 2012; 30( 4 ): 553-61.

Zanoni AP, Dóro MP, Zanis Neto J, Bonfim C. A percepção de adolescentes submetidos ao transplante de células troncohematopoéticas em relação à própria hospitalização. Rev SBPH [periódico na Internet]. 2010[cited 2013 Dec 20] 13(1).Available from: http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/scielo.php?pid=S151608582010000100010&script=sci_arttext

Amparo DM, Galvão ACT, Alves PB, Brasil KT, Koller SG. Adolescentes e jovens em situação de risco psicossocial: redes de apoio social e fatores pessoais de proteção. Estud psicol (Natal). 2008; 3(2), 165-74.

Sória DAC, Bittencourt AR, Menezes MFB, Sousa CAC, Sousa CR. Resiliência na área da enfermagem em oncologia. Acta paul enferm. 2009[ serial on the Internet] 22(05).Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S010321002009000500017&script=sci_arttext

Cyrulnik, B. Resiliência: Essa Inaudita Capacidade de Construção Humana. São Paulo: Instituto Piaget; 2003.

Weaver KE, Antoni MH, Lechner SC, Durán RE, Penedo F, Fernandez MI, et al. Perceived stress mediates the effects of coping on the quality of life of HIV-positive women on highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS behave. 2004; 8(2): 175-83.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20134481



 

The articles published in Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing are indexed, classified, linked, or summarized by:

 

Affiliated to:

Sources of Support:

 

The OBJN is linked also to the main Universities Libraries around the world.

Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing. ISSN: 1676-4285

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons:Noncommercial-No Derivative Works License.