Aim: To investigate the association between intravenous therapy and the incidence of non-elective removal of silicone single-lumen catheters installed in newborns. Method: this was a prospective cohort study, conducted in a neonatal intensive care unit of a private hospital of São Paulo. The sample was made up of 97 catheters, 15 of them used for exclusive intravenous therapy and 82 indicated for multiple intravenous therapy. Results: The incidence of non-elective removal was 26.7% in exclusive intravenous therapy and 36.5% in multiple intravenous infusion, with no statistically significant difference being noted (p = 0.33). Complications such as limb edema and extravasation occurred only in multiple IV infusion catheters. Conclusion: We recommend the adoption of strategies for prevention, early detection and prompt treatment of complications that result in non-elective removal of epicutaneous catheters, regardless of the intravenous therapy type.
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