Main microorganisms found and products used in contaminated tissular lesions: an integrative review


Aim: To make an integrative review to examine the scientific evidences relating to the identification of microorganisms commonly isolated in contaminated tissular lesions and the main products used on them. Method: This is an integrative review originating from the search with the descriptors Leg ulcer, infection, bacteria and Nursing, in the databases LILACS, IBECS, MEDLINE, Cochrane and SciELO, including articles published between 2003 and 2013. Results: A total of 14 articles were selected, of which seven were observational and the other seven were experimental studies. Discussion: Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most prevalent microorganisms in the evaluated tissular lesions, followed by Enterobacter, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter. The main products used were silver alginate, silver sulfadiazine, ultraviolet light and papain, which are effective in reducing the bacterial load of infected injuries. Conclusion: The early identification of the presence of microorganisms in lesions allows the decision in terms of the appropriate propaedeutics to be performed.
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