Anxiety in patients with malignant neoplasms in the mediate postoperative period: a correlational study


Aim: To investigate anxiety in cancer patients hospitalizedin the mediate postoperative period, through the Trait-State Anxiety Inventory, and the correlation between anxiety and malignant neoplasms of the head and neck, stomach, and colorectal. Method: This is a descriptive, quantitative and correlational study, performed in a hospital located in the state of Ceará. We used an analysis of variance, ANOVA-F test, to assess the existence of differences in the scores of the scales. Results: The participants were 80 patients with a mean age of 50.9 years; they were mostly men (53.8%) with head and neck cancer (40.0%). The level of anxiety state and trait was moderate, and anxiety-state was slightly higher than trait anxiety in the three groups. Participants with head and neck malignant neoplasm had hig her average scores of the state anxiety and trait anxiety. Conclusion: There was no st atistically significant difference between anxiety and the three oncological surgical groupsevaluated.
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